This is a climate we’re all familiar with in London – winters tend to be cool and wet, and the Gingerbread City planners are used to factoring in rain! Climatic extremes are less severe but there is a broad range of conditions that exist across the seasons.
Vote For Your Favourite Below
Coalbrook x Holloway Li
Bakewell Bridge is a collaboration between bathroom brassware brand, Coalbrook and design consultancy Holloway Li. The footbridge is inspired by Coalbrook’s brand identity, as the name is derived from the town of Coalbrookdale, the site of the world’s first iron bridge. Holloway Li, designed Coalbrook’s Clerkenwell showroom, The Market Building, and has now reimagined the Coalbrookdale bridge in Shropshire, through the medium of gingerbread, and also transported it to a London setting. The footbridge embraces the natural environment and is constructed from sustainable and locally-sourced materials. The bridge is surrounded by natural beauty, highlighting the importance of selecting materials that react positively to the natural setting, withstanding cool and wet weather often experienced in temperate climates. The impact of flooding has been considered in the design of the bridge and flood defences are in place on either side of the bridge to ensure safe evacuation from the north and south banks of the river. Bakewell Bridge is constructed from natural materials to honour the surrounding green landscape, which was inspired by the setting of the Coalbrookdale bridge in the Ironbridge gorge, a UNESCO world heritage site. The primary structural material used for Bakewell Bridge is sustainably-sourced timber, harvested from FSC certified forests that are continuously replenished. Bakewell bridge also features recycled glass tiles, which form the decking bridge footpath. The recycled glass tiles are constructed from broken glassware, which would otherwise have been a waste material. These resemble the orange and amber resin panels at Coalbrook’s showroom, The Market Building in Clerkenwell.
Coalbrook is an affordable luxury bathroom brassware brand, launched in response to a gap in the market for design-led bathroom products at competitive prices. Holloway Li is a design consultancy with an established reputation for providing innovative architecture and interior design direction to a growing network of international clients.
B&B / Hotel
Morrow + Lorraine
Candy Clifftops hopes to respond to the anticipated influx of migrating people as a result of the climate crisis where people are forced to escape extreme weather conditions. Candy Clifftops will also provide temporary housing for Santa’s elves as they carry out essential work in building toys for good children! The Temperate zone is highly susceptible to change and living in these uncertain times it is essential to adapt to the unique demands of the changing Temperate climate. Clifftops is both a metaphor for the cliff edge of the climate problem that we (humanity) are currently teetering on, as well as connecting to one of Morrow + Lorraine’s most recognisable and successful projects, Clifftops in Dorset.
We are a practice of around 30 people and our designer-bakers are a team of 7 including Agata, Fiona, Laura, Ed, Cara, Greg and Sarah. We are a small group of architects and creative support who want to project the spirit of Christmas in a fun, playful but also climate conscious way.
Public Hall and Visitor Attraction
Ron Arad Architects x WSP
Ron Arad Architects + WSP say that they like the dialogue between volumes that are cast in a mould and surfaces that are created by dripping, gravitating, setting liquids. So for their Public Hall and Visitor’s Attraction they didn’t want to model buildings using dough and chocolate, but to celebrate the architecture of the edible and to show the visual delight of the ingredients. They chose the temperate zone because they live in London, and they love London!
We enjoy doing things from very small to very big, from jewellery to skyscrapers; some are super functional and some are otherwise delightful, some carefully planned and some improvised.
Cookie House Studios
Morph Structures Ltd
Cookie House Studios is the transformation of an existing industrial warehouse into an art gallery. The building retains the industrial heritage of the area and by avoiding demolition the structure has lower embodied carbon. The glass extension adds a feature that provides beautiful views to visitors whist also creating a new space for events thus adding social value. Morph Studios wanted to highlight the use of lightweight material for the top extension to prevent overloading the existing foundations. This design decision enabled them to create a structure which adds value to the environment and reduces the cost of the project.
We enjoy collaborating on projects and believe in being actively engaged at every step to deliver elegant, efficient structures; on time and on budget. We have relentless focus and attention to detail from start to finish, and combine creativity with simplicity – producing lean solutions to complex problems.
Curly Wurly Crescent
Mixed Tenure Residential
SPPARC have designed within the structural framework of the historic crescent of terrace houses on this important Gingerbread site. The reworking of the houses has established a series of design principles for attaining a rigorous level of energy efficiency while also creating comfortable indoor living spaces. The façade adopts appropriate shading strategies to exploit the sun’s energy in the heating season and minimize overheating during the cooling season. This is a most familiar climate but it also a climate that is changing. SPPARC want to ensure that they design their buildings to mitigate climate change with flexibility and efficiency. House design can and must respond to the climate emergency in a positive way.
SPPARC is a renowned London based studio of architects, designers and thinkers. Our design philosophies are innovative, yet pragmatic with a fluid style that recognises that each project brief and its context are unique for which we have been the recipient of industry accolade and awards. We consider it a great privilege to be in an industry where the outcome effects the environment that we live in. The work that we create is taken very seriously but with an essential blend of humour. Sustainability is vital to our design process, ensuring that we have a positive influence on the world around us.
The year is 1398, 12 years since The London War of Ginger Bread souls, dragons roam the mountains and the family of Soul-Bréad rule the nation. They have risen to power due to dominance of trade and energy production, technology that hasn’t been seen before. The RAM-T (Rotating Arms Motor of Toffees) allowed the family of Soul-Bréad to produce energy and fire, allowing them to combat and tame the dragons. The RAM-T Windmill was finished in 1385, costing a whopping 2 trillion billion Gold Nuggets. While the Soul-Bréad Union was building the RAM-T, the Maliki Empire prepared for eventual war, but with technology that could rival Dragons, the War was all but lost. The Maliki Empire believed that their emperor’s Grandfather was the true son of Fatoom The Ginger while the Soul-Bréad see their leaders father as Fatoom Ginger’s son. The War was long, crumbs dusted the mountains, the winters cold, with the only heat for miles coming from the beak of the dragons that patrolled the castles. The Soul-Bréad Empire is more prepared to go to war at the moment with the Maliki Empire Falling, but they must invent much more technology themselves, the RAM-T will be eclipsed and dragons are only as loyal as the empire is powerful.
PLP is a London-based group of architects, designers and thinkers. We have created some of the world’s most innovative buildings which redefine what it means to live and work in today’s cities. Our projects stem from a commitment to the transformative role of ideas and their power to establish new realities that engage this world.
Flump Pump House
Modern Art Gallery
Price & Myers
The primary structure of Flump Pump House, a converted industrial unit, is made from load-bearing gingerbread, stabilised by liquorice braced bays on its end elevations. Large glazed windows, providing plenty of light to the main exhibition spaces of the art gallery, make use of leaf gelatine, and the decorative sweet-covered roofing creates a key feature and adds lots of colour to the building. A key feature of the pump house is the standalone fondant brick chimney, a nod to the buildings former industrial use. A Rice Krispies and marshmallow core provides stability to the chimney, and the gummy bear visitors of Flump Pump House make use of this key feature as Gingerbread City’s tallest pizza oven during the summer months.
Price & Myers are an award-winning civil and structural engineering practice established in 1978. A group of 11 keen bakers, decorators, and designers from across the practice have formed the Gingerbread City team, which includes civil and structural engineers, project coordinators, and business support staff.
Allies and Morrison
Fudge Farm is a series of structures as well as a productive landscape in order to cultivate the Farm’s own fudge from seed to table, in an urban setting. The carved landscape and installation of a chocolate river throughout the site highlights the wet hilly landscape naturally found in the Temperate climate. The farm functions around this landscape, growing vertically and using the river as a source of life transportation and cultivation.
We are architects and urbanists. We strive to design beautiful buildings that have long life and can adapt over the generations. We also shape enduring places whether new pieces of city or settlements at any scale. All our projects are concerned with the crafting of every detail and an appreciation for the uniqueness of each context.
Hatfield Community Centre
The Ryde School x Tori Flower Design
Created in collaboration with year 5 students from The Ryde School, Hatfield, the centre is used for recycling toys and environmental workshops. The students imagined a building which collects rain water to use in a natural swimming pool, has a green roof where people can play football, and a second roof with solar panels. The students wanted a hexagonal building with a rainbow door and lots of plants and trees. Posters in the windows remind visitors to look after the planet. The children worked in pairs to draw a community centre that helps act on the climate crisis and the most popular features of their buildings were amalgamated into a single design by Tori Flower, who facilitated this co-designed project. The primary school students learnt about the consequences and causes of climate change for people and wildlife around the world and looked at inspirational examples of buildings that were designed with environmental sustainability in mind, suggested by leading architects and experts. The children then went on to think about what a community centre in their own local area (Hatfield, Hertfordshire) could be like if designed to have a positive impact on the environment. The students each wrote their initials on a small round biscuit with icing, which is incorporated into the final design.
Tori Flower is a creative director specialising in designing delightful, playful, participative ways for people to engage in social and environmental issues. Her work focuses on children, young people and families, especially those least served by what’s already out there.
Honey Heath is a city park with multiple types of landscape, designed to both engage with people within the city and aid the declining bee population. Over the last decade, the number of bees in the UK – in particular honey bees – has severely dropped due to the change of land use and the loss of habitat. Bees are a vital part of our ecosystems as they pollinate one third of crops in the world, so we decided to create a new habitat for them within the city. Honey Heath has three different landscapes: a forest, a meadow, and a walled garden. Whilst the forest and meadow aim to support the wider wildlife population, the flower beds in the walled garden are specifically aimed to help increase the honeybee population. However, the whole park will act as a habitat for our new bee colony, with hives dispersed across the plot. Whilst tempting to choose a climate completely different from London, Jestico+Whiles decided to choose the temperate climate zone to explore how they would approach their own city if they had a whole free plot to fill. Whilst London isn’t lacking in parks, there are none which are solely dedicated to supporting the bee population, so they decided to take this opportunity to design the very first Bee Park for London. The construction industry has played a large role in the destruction of the habitats which support bees, so in order to counteract this they have created a space solely dedicated to creating a new space for them within the urban environment. They designed a multi-level park with three individual environments in order to accommodate the existing wildlife within the city in addition to creating the new bee colony.
We are an employee-owned international architecture and interior design practice with studios in London + Prague. Our diverse portfolio ranges from the master-planning of residential developments to high-end apartment interiors; schools to university departments; five-star hotels and restaurants; to individual office fit outs and corporate headquarters.
Liquorice Train Station
Train Station and Energy Store
Liquorice Train Station acts as a micro renewable energy store that supplies citizens according to their needs. Golden isomalt solar panels and ginger wind turbines form part of the roofscape. The low-level underground trains, bring heat to lower levels and all collected energy from heat, wind and solar helps to power the station, and can be returned to the city grid. With more frequent rainfall, the station will harvest all water. Water from surface runoff from canopies and roofs is filtered through columns and stored under the platforms. Filtered water can then be redistributed to the gingerbread citizens using the same marshmallow trains where passengers travel. Finally, the royal ice lake at the entrance uses ground floor recharge technologies to store water. For their build, AHMM were interested in the integration of sustainable ideas within a traditional architectural language. The Victorian train station is a well-known architectural typology and something many of us use every day across our cities. Special features include a gingerbread Lattice Canopy with light diffusing glass panels and rainwater harvesting system and heat retention massing.
Established in 1989 with offices in London, Bristol and Oklahoma City, Allford Hall Monaghan Morris makes buildings that are satisfying and enjoyable to use, beautiful to look at and easy to understand.
Brutalist multi-use and
PRP Architects LLP
PRP Architects have built a residential complex designed to adapt to London’s changing Temperate climate. This is a retrofit for a more sustainable, environmentally conscious, prosperous and connected future so all generations can thrive. Vertical gardens, aquaculture pods, and greenhouses, for example, are intertwined into a solid frame providing sun shade and thermal mass where needed. As a response to increased intensive rainfall, a floodable garden is included, where the whole site can thrive and adapt to high levels of water. Stilts, floating structures and barges are a common site in the new Resi-Lient city. Water is a precious resource that will be collected and cherished. Diverse green space is introduced to combat biodiversity loss and to improve the gingerbread residents’ health and wellbeing. There is an emphasis on renewable energy generation and the use of manual and public transport is promoted. Sponge city theories are incorporated to minimise the impact of seasonal flooding. Inspired by the idea that London was once a moderate yet varied climate, but is now experiencing seasonal weather extremes and the prioritisation of economic growth over other needs, Mille-Feuille shows that by creating safe and just spaces for humanity, through regenerating and redistributing the economy, we can create a sustainable development as part of our continually evolving city.
PRP is an interdisciplinary, design-led practice with over 55-years’ experience in housing design and urban planning. We deliver intelligent, responsive and enduring design solutions through a collaborative and knowledge-based approach. PRP designs buildings that enrich the lives of users and communities.
Museum of Marshmallow
Museum made from Marshmallows
Kevin Kelly Architects
A fluffy quilted marshmallow landscape rises up in peaks meeting the floating museum above. A cloud-like structure, perched on the landscape mounds, appears to float like a meringue with stiff peaks. Pieces of marshmallows are cast into bespoke shapes and assembled into a landscape and ‘floating’ museum, made entirely from marshmallows. Pastel pinks, blues and greens interrupt the otherwise perfectly white scene. The texture seems impossibly fluffy begging to be squished. Marshmallows have a unique appearance, soft and squishy, qualities that Kevin Kelly Architects wanted to capture. Impossibly light and bouncy, maybe they are the most unlikely building material but in embracing the magic of The Gingerbread City and a child-like innocence the Museum of Marshmallows out of marshmallows is a self-referential project that works to display the magic of marshmallows even at a miniature scale. Marshmallows have been hand made and cast into unique shapes from bespoke moulds following extensive testing by Kevin Kelly Architects.
Kevin Kelly Architects is a London-based architecture and design studio. We are a group of creatives, designers and problem solvers who thrive on unique and challenging briefs. Half of our work is won through open competitions; from a paragraph 80 residential project in a conservation area or a piece of bespoke furniture for a paediatric bereavement unit, we relish complex sites with delicate and diverse requirements. We work across different scales using myriad tools and techniques, from hand drawing to advanced digital programming. Each member of our team has a unique collection of skills, often combining seemingly disparate techniques to discover something new. We use our advanced digital skills to explore complex issues, for example employing computer programming to choreograph willow weaving or traditional Filipino basketry for sustainable signage. Our design process can involve prototyping and testing ideas in the continued endeavour for efficiency and beauty. Collaboration and interdisciplinary cross-pollination are imperative to our approach; by bringing unexpected combinations together, we create surprise and delight.
Mycelium Splash Pond
Lido / Attenuation pond
Mycelium Splash Pond will work as an attenuation reservoir for the temperate zone, acting as a mitigation measure to avoid “sugar rush overflow”. Using mushrooms and mycelium as primary materials, the pond will collect, filter and purify the water and air. A soft and permeable biscuit surface is employed to work as a Sustainable “Sugar” Drainage System (SuDS) managing excess sugarwater. This creates a sweet place for leisure and entertainment for the residents and providing a much needed open space. With rising temperatures and rapid climate change, there’s a growing need for spaces that provide leisure and entertainment that also help mitigate the impact of heavy rains. As a Central London practice, Barr Gazetas wanted to highlight the importance of having open and softer spaces in a densely built environment like the temperate climate. Mycelium & mushrooms are a key part of the design. They are a great material to use as they are carbon neutral and can be composted if exposed to natural microorganisms. Mycelia make up a critical part of their ecosystems by aiding in the decomposition and regeneration process. As mycelium breaks down debris, it creates thread-like filaments called hyphae, that spread out to consume organic matter on the forest floor.
We are driven by a deep desire to enrich and improve daily life. We are excited by the world around us, and people drive our approach. We bring a fresh perspective informed by our experience but driven by the desire to create new solutions to the ways we live and work.
Pear drop pub
Tudor style riverside pub
Atelier Ten have created a traditional Tudor-style riverside pub complete with a renewably powered distillery. They wanted to develop a distillery that was close to home and that made use of the local produce from the nearby orchards so reducing the carbon emissions of our happy customers when they were enjoying a delicious pint. The distillery is using the water from the adjacent river as a source of free cooling for the distillery process. The equipment is run using wind turbines and solar panels and the pub is heated with a ground source heat pump. Come and enjoy a home-brewed cider made with locally sourced pears!
Atelier Ten are an environmental design consultancy and building services engineering company.
Sugar bowl skate park and S’more sports
Skate park and sports complex
Penoyre & Prasad
This all-encompassing sports centre is located within a green oasis and has a focus on wheel related sporting activities – from one wheel to two wheels, to many wheels! Bring your unicycle, scooter, bicycle, skateboard, tricycle, or rollerblades to race and play. This is a place for physical activity and social gathering, outdoors in the fresh air. The park-based scheme aims to get all people moving, in a green space, that is fully accessible. With sports pitches for community competition and a myriad of routes and tracks for exploring, this is the place for team games and for picking up speed. Or just sit back and enjoy the show! Penoyre & Prasad wanted to explore how we can adapt to fluctuating temperatures in the Temperate zone, whilst creating a space for play in all seasons. They have looked at futureproofing against climate change by including active and passive measures; rainwater collection from the skatepark half pipes and bowls, managed bamboo forest and plantations for building bike frames and skateboards that also create shade in the summer. Capturing and reusing energy from the kinetic power of wheels and hard landscaping.
Penoyre & Prasad, a design studio of Perkins & Will, London is a collective of city dwellers, designers, bakers, and keen cyclists. As a studio, we have designed inspiring school environments, distinguished cultural and commercial buildings, pioneering health buildings, and convivial housing. We create functional, beautiful, and sustainable places.
A suburban, semi-detached eco-stilt-house
Jo Thompson Landscape & Garden Design
Swale Dale is a suburban eco-home that can manage rainwater in a changing climate at the same time as increasing the value of the landscape for both people and wildlife. The semi-detached eco-houses sit above a central swale and wildflower meadow which both help take water away from the road and other hard surfaces whilst providing a valuable wildlife habitat. A secondary swale with ornamental planting runs under a curved pavement, again allowing drainage into the landscape and a valuable green space for people and wildlife. The green roof helps to absorb water, cools the buildings and adds additional green space. Maximising green space in this way helps a city to regulate its temperature and is beneficial to the natural water cycle. A swale takes water runoff and allows it to be absorbed into a wetland meadow and filtered to a river beyond. A wetland meadow is a valuable biodiverse habitat, so Jo Thompson Landscape & Garden Design have purposefully left out any boundaries separating the gardens of the two houses in order to create a wildlife corridor. Rainwater harvesting elements including a rain chain and water butt are also included.
Jo Thompson has established a worldwide reputation as a trusted and sensitive garden designer and creative partner to private and commercial clients. Our mission is to create beautiful and sustainable gardens and landscapes for you, for the land, and for the future. We are an East Sussex based team of experienced designers, landscape architects and horticulturalists. We have a commitment to our planet, with the existing and improved biodiversity of a space forming the basis of each planting design.
The Humbug Arms
Pub and Microbrewery
Michael Jones Architects
The Humbug Arms is a pub and microbrewery with an adjoining glass house for the growing of herbs and botanical cocktail ingredients (mint, oranges, lemons, limes, juniper etc). The ‘past, present and future’ inspired the design of the pub in reference to the ghosts who visit Ebenezer Scrooge throughout A Christmas Carol. The pub incorporates historic, current and futuristic design elements. The futuristic aspect allows the exploration of experimental sustainable building practices, and the past aspect allows the demonstration of traditional passive measures. The Humbug Arms is represented as a sectional model to reveal the inner workings of the pub and brewery. Key aspect include: the walls of the pub mimic brickwork by charring gingerbread panels, the roof tiles are made using melted humbug sweets, the glass house is constructed using melted hard boiled sweets to replicate sheets of glass and the microbrewery will consist of shiny glazed chocolate vats and strawberry lace pipework.
Michael Jones Architects is an award-winning architectural practice situated in Richmond, South West London. Founded in 1990 by Michael Jones, the practice has many successful years producing bespoke, high-quality, enduring architecture; with a portfolio that spans a wide range of building types, from commercial developments to private residences.Our team consists of architects, architectural assistants and an office manager. Our work benefits from the assorted talents, experiences and expertise of each individual team member, which collectively enriches the practice as a whole.The intimate nature of our practice allows us to engage with our clients personably and locally, as well as maintaining strong relationships with consultants and contractors we have successfully worked with over the years.As a team we are all close socially and thoroughly enjoy getting together for lunches, parties and trips away across the UK.
The Milky Way Observatory
An observatory that includes
a research and learning centre
Charlton Brown Architecture & Interiors
For their Milky Way Observatory, Charlton Brown Architecture & Interiors have baked a structure which references two separate architectural dynasties: the neoclassical base structure, and the high-tech modern addition of a geodesic dome sitting within. By doing so they hope to encapsulate the dichotomy of London’s urban fabric – the relationship between old and new. The concept of the design was strongly inspired by the study of astronomy – the key to the understanding of our past and present, and the possibility of a sustainable future for human life on earth. The Observatory is open to the public to educate and inspire future generations and the grand dome is home to a new terrestrial edition of the ‘Webb telescope’ that scans the heavens in the search for new edible worlds. The Observatory explores how vitality and change can happen whilst sustaining and strengthening the character of London’s Temperate climate. Solar panelled glass in the roof structures seeks to offset the carbon footprint of the building. The pond and cultivated green space enrich the public realm. The addition of solar powered e-bikes and benches stimulate intergenerational access and inclusivity.
We are a small team of architects and interior designers, offering the complete range of design services, from feasibility and planning to delivery. Our focus is high quality residential design, from new buildings to sensitive heritage projects and everything in between.
Willy Wonka Wetland
Alexandra Noble Design
The Willy Wonka Wetland is a wildlife haven away from the bustling London surroundings. Gingerbread residents are able to get up close to nature and several gingerbread boardwalks connect the water bodies across the site. The centre provides an educational space to learn about the numerous species the wetland supports and at the other end of the site, a lookout allows visitors to enjoy views across the surrounding green space and city. Log piles are introduced to provide habitat for various small mammals, invertebrates and amphibians. The damp assemblage of logs, trunks and twigs provide places to shelter and food sources. Wetlands are considered among the most biologically diverse of all ecosystems, serving as home to a wide range of plant and animal species. They provide essential protection against floods, droughts and pollution. They can also help us slow down climate change by naturally absorbing and storing vast amounts of carbon. Although this model depicts a wetland in temperate London, wetlands exist in many kinds of climates, on every continent except Antarctica. The Willy Wonka Wetland contains a cornucopia of green sweets including jelly beans, skittles, jelly tots, millions, lollipops, candy canes and green apple laces. Isomalt has been used to form the many water bodies across the site whilst the log piles have been constructed from Pocky biscuit sticks – a popular Japanese snack.
Established in 2017, Alexandra Noble Design is a garden and landscape design practice specialising in residential projects. Alexandra’s conceptual approach reimagines traditional perceptions of garden design, balancing minimalism and maximalism via use of structural lines and flower-rich planting. Earlier this year, the practice was included in House & Garden’s published list of Rising Stars–the design talents to watch for 2022.
Explore other climate zones
The Museum of Architecture is pleased to announce the return of its hugely popular annual exhibition The Gingerbread City® at
6-7 Motcomb Street, SW1X 8JU
3 December – 2 January 2022
THANKS TO OUR SPONSORS
WITH GENEROUS SUPPORT FROM
TO DO AT HOME
Buy Creative Kits
BOOK YOUR EXHIBITION TICKET
Join one of our festive gingerbread house-making workshops taking place every day during the exhibition. Advance booking is essential.
BOOK YOUR WORKSHOP TICKET
The Museum of Architecture provides public programming year round. To help support programming such as The Gingerbread City and new initiatives, please consider making a donation to the MoA Charity Fund here and support our work.